Chris Martin

Web servers course

No instruction about a programming language is complete without “how to build a webapp,” right?

When I started planning this course, it was going to be an overview of Haskell’s web server libraries, sorted in order of increasing complexity: the basic platform of wai, warp, and http-types, then the slightly more opinionated packages like scotty and Spock, up through the full-fledged yesod framework. All good things in software are built, and can be best understood, as the result of combining smaller things. The idea was to emphasize how a complete application is composed of comprehensible smaller pieces, so you can better understand how to use a heavyweight application framework, and so you can recognize circumstances where you don’t need one.

But I grew increasingly uncomfortable with choosing Warp as the starting point for the course. It just seemed like a missed opportunity, because we can go deeper: We can show a server implementation all the way down to parsing HTTP requests and writing byte strings to sockets. You might expect to quickly get lost in the weeds, but… as I hope to you convince you, Haskell has an amazing illuminatory quality if you write it simply and directly.

The major course objective is twofold:

  1. Gain a detailed understanding of how HTTP works.
  2. See basic but real examples of how to use common libraries like bytestring, network, attoparsec, and pipes.

I’ll be releasing this one lesson at a time. What I have finished planning so far covers HTTP protocol, the chunked transfer coding, parsing requests, and building responses. Lesson 1 lays the foundation by introducing sockets, and in lesson 2 we start reading the HTTP specification and writing some code.